Within the scope of the 102nd anniversary of Çanakkale Victory, “Gallipoli War – 1st World War and Ottoman Jews” was displayed. Here are little-known facts about the Ottoman Jews
Within the context of the 102nd anniversary of the Çanakkale victory, the documents of the fought by the Turkish Jews who fought against the enemy in Çanakkale were brought to light on the occasion of the “Gallipoli War – 1st World War and Ottoman Jews”.
According to Mert Inan from Milliyet, During the Dardanelles War, it was stated that the documents and archive photographs of the Ottoman Army’s raids on the frontline of the Jewish soldiers rising to the rank of the pasha will be published as a documentary book in the coming period.
A total of 66 documents are included in the study by Prof. Dr. Mithat Atabay, made by Metin Delevi, the curator.
Among the documents, 70 percent of which are foreign sources, there is information about the Turkish Jews who fought heroically in Çanakkale.
Metin Delevi, who prepared the exhibition with a 2-year research, gave the following information:
“In 1898, the Ottoman Jewish community under the leadership of the Chief Rabbi Chief Moose Levi applied to the Sultan with a petition and demanded that the Jews be taken to the military.
In 1909, it was decided that a non-Muslim Ottoman base would be recruited. The Jewish press also applauded this decision and issued supporting articles. The voluntary surrender of Jewish society began.
Along with the beginning of World War II, Jewish men were also recruited to military service and served in various ranks and fronts. ”
The most interesting of these was Moshe Sharett, who was studying in Istanbul at that time and will be Israel’s second prime minister in later years.
Moshe Sharett Many Turkish Jews participated in the war at the Çanakkale Front and became a martyr and veteran for the sake of the Vatan.
Assoc. Dr. According to Mithat Atabay’s list of non-Muslims martyred at the Gallipoli Campaign, there are 77 Jewish martyrs.
In total 558 non-Muslim soldiers were killed. During World War I, financial and physical support came to the Ottoman Empire in foreign Jewish communities.
We even got to the documents of the news of the New York Times during that period. Many Canadians in the British and French ranks died in the front of the Dardanelles, perhaps with the leader of a religious figure in the Ottoman army.
Turkish Jews not only served on the front of the Dardanelles, but on all fronts, and cast martyrs.
In fact, a home for war orphans was established in Izmir. For the Palestinian Jews who served in various fronts in the Ottoman Army, a monument was made in the Jewish cemetery in Acibadem.
Every year on March 18, ceremonies are being held for these martyrs. “